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Sources for
the information provided on this website

The information found on MSMindShift.com came from a variety of reputable sources, medical journals, and non-profit organizations committed to understanding multiple sclerosis (MS).

This source list is provided as an additional resource for obtaining information. Inclusion on this list does not indicate endorsement by Bristol Myers Squibb of an organization or its communications.

AN OVERVIEW OF MS:

Brain anatomy (part 3)
My‑MS.org.
https://my‑ms.org/anatomy_brain_part3.htm. Accessed July 27, 2020.

Brain health: time matters in multiple sclerosis
Giovannoni G, Butzkueven H, Dhib-Jalbut S, et al. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2016;9 (Suppl 1):S5-S48.

How multiple sclerosis works
Multiple Sclerosis National Research Institute (MS NRI).
http://www.ms-national-research.org/how.html. Published 2011. Accessed July 27, 2020.

Multiple sclerosis FAQs
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS/MS-FAQ-s#question-What-are-the-typical-symptoms-of-MS. Accessed July 27, 2020.

What causes MS?
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS/What-Causes-MS. Accessed July 27, 2020.

MS SYMPTOMS AND RELAPSES:

Brain health: a guide for people with multiple sclerosis
Pepper G, Butzkueven H, Dhib-Jalbut S, et al. Oxford PharmaGenesis Ltd. 2016;1-12.

Brain health: time matters in multiple sclerosis
Giovannoni G, Butzkueven H, Dhib-Jalbut S, et al. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2016;9 (Suppl 1):S5-S48.

Cognitive changes
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/Symptoms-Diagnosis/MS-Symptoms/
Cognitive-Changes
. Accessed July 27, 2020.

Managing relapses
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/Treating-MS/
Managing-Relapses
. Accessed July 27, 2020.

MS symptoms
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/Symptoms-Diagnosis/MS‑Symptoms. Accessed July 27, 2020.

Multiple sclerosis FAQs
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS/MS-FAQ-s#question-What-are-the-typical-symptoms-of-MS
. Accessed July 27, 2020.

Types of MS
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS/Types-of-MS. Accessed July 27, 2020.

THE BRAIN’S ROLE IN MS:

Brain anatomy (part 3)
My-MS.org.
https://my‑ms.org/anatomy_brain_part3.htm. Accessed July 27, 2020.

Brain health: a guide for people with multiple sclerosis
Pepper G, Butzkueven H, Dhib-Jalbut S, et al. Oxford PharmaGenesis Ltd. 2016;1-12.

Brain health: time matters in multiple sclerosis
Giovannoni G, Butzkueven H, Dhib-Jalbut S, et al. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2016;9 (Suppl 1):S5-S48.

Clinical relevance of brain volume measures in multiple sclerosis
De Stefano N, Airas L, Grigoriadis N, et al. CNS Drugs. 2014;28(2):147-156.

Cognitive changes
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/Symptoms-Diagnosis/MS-Symptoms/
Cognitive-Changes.
Accessed July 27, 2020.

Comorbidity increases the risk of relapse in multiple sclerosis: A prospective study
Kowalec K, McKay KA, Patten SB, et al. Neurology. 2017;89(24):2455-2461.

Comorbidity in multiple sclerosis: implications for patient care
Marrie RA. Nat Rev Neurol. 2017;13(6):375-382.

Exploring the origins of grey matter damage in multiple sclerosis
Calabrese M, Magliozzi R, Ciccarelli O, Geurts JJ, Reynolds R, Martin R. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2015;16(3):147-158.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/Symptoms-Diagnosis/Diagnosing-Tools/MRI.
Accessed July 27, 2020.

Pathology of multiple sclerosis and related inflammatory demyelinating diseases
Kutzelnigg A, Lassmann H. Handb Clin Neurol. 2014;122:15-58.

BEING PROACTIVE ABOUT LIFESTYLE CHOICES:

12 quick mini-meditations to calm your mind and body
Psychol Today.
https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/changepower/201703/12-quick-mini-meditations-calm-your-mind-and-body. Published March 1, 2017. Accessed July 27, 2020.

Brain health: a guide for people with multiple sclerosis
Pepper G, Butzkueven H, Dhib-Jalbut S, et al. Oxford PharmaGenesis Ltd. 2016;1-12.

Cognitive changes
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/Symptoms-Diagnosis/MS-Symptoms/
Cognitive-Changes
. Accessed July 27, 2020.

Cognitive health
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/Living-Well-With-MS/Cognitive-Health. Accessed July 27, 2020.

Comorbidity increases the risk of relapse in multiple sclerosis: A prospective study
Kowalec K, McKay KA, Patten SB, et al. Neurology. 2017;89(24):2455-2461.

Comorbidity in multiple sclerosis: implications for patient care
Marrie RA. Nat Rev Neurol. 2017;13(6):375-382.

Effect of vitamin D replacement on cognition in multiple sclerosis patients
Darwish H, Haddad R, Osman S, et al. Sci Rep. 2017;7(45926):1-9.

Effects of physical comorbidities on disability progression in multiple sclerosis
Zhang T, Tremlett H, Zhu F, et al. Neurology. 2018;90(5):e419-e427.

Exercise
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/Living-Well-With-MS/Diet-Exercise-Healthy-Behaviors/Exercise. Accessed July 27, 2020.

Fatigue and hydration in MS
Cincotta M, Engelhard M, Stankey M, et al. Mult Scler. 2016;22(11):1438-1443.

Forever young(er): potential age-defying effects of long-term meditation on gray matter atrophy
Luders E, Cherbuin N, Kurth F. Front Psychol. 2015;5(1551):1-7.

Meditation as an adjunct to the management of multiple sclerosis
Levin AB, Hadgkiss EJ, Weiland TJ, Jelinek GA. Neurol Res Int. 2014;2014:1-10.

Mindfulness
Psychol Today.
https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/basics/
mindfulness
.
Accessed July 27, 2020.

Multiple sclerosis and smoking
Stroup T. National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/NationalMSSociety/media/MSNationalFiles/​Research/Stroup_T_Smoking_and_MS_20151110.pdf. Published 2015.
Accessed July 27, 2020.

Sleep
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/Living-Well-With-MS/Diet-Exercise-Healthy-Behaviors/Sleep. Accessed July 27, 2020.

Symptom management and lifestyle modifications in multiple sclerosis
Coyle PK. Continuum (Minneap Minn). 2016;22(3):815-836.

Vitamin D
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/Research/Research-News-Progress/Vitamin-D.
Accessed July 27, 2020.

Yoga and MS
National Multiple Sclerosis Society.
https://www.nationalmssociety.org/Living-Well-With-MS/Diet-Exercise-Healthy-Behaviors/Exercise/Yoga. Accessed July 27, 2020.